10 Amendments To The Constitution
Freedom of Speech,
Press, Religion and Petition
make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting
the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of
the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to
petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
to keep and bear arms
A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the
security of a
free State, the right of the
people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
for quarters of soldiers
No soldier shall, in
time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the
owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
of search and seizure regulated
The right of the people
to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against
unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no
warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or
affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and
the persons or things to be seized.
No person shall be held
to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a
presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in
the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in
time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the
same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be
compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be
deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law;
nor shall private property be taken for public use without just
to a speedy trial, witnesses, etc.
In all criminal prosecutions, the
accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an
impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have
been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained
by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation;
to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory
process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the
assistance of counsel for his defense.
to a trial by jury
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be
preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined
in any court of the
United States, than according to the rules of the
bail, cruel punishment
Excessive bail shall not
be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual
of construction of Constitution
The enumeration in the
Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or
disparage others retained by the people.
of the States under Constitution
The powers not delegated to the
United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it
to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the